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SCORE's contents, from the modules and question bank, to the topic-of-the-week curriculum, are developed by surgical educators and reviewed by the SCORE Editorial Board. The educational material is peer-reviewed through a robust editorial process and updated as much as possible. The SCORE Portal provides resources to surgical trainees and their programs through the voluntarism of surgical experts within their fields. SCORE thanks the following authors for contributing their time and expertise to the SCORE Portal.

Module Authors

General Surgery
Surgical Oncology
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Vascular Surgery
Surgical Critical Care
Pediatric Surgery

TWIS Authors

How to Cite SCORE


General Surgery

Paulette I. Abbas, MD
Chadi T. Abouassaly, MD
Marianne Abouyared, MD
Kumari N. Adams, MD
Christian A. Adkisson, MD
Sakib M. Adnan, MD
Hassan Ahmed, MD
Francesco A. Aiello, MD
Cameron M. Akbari, MD
Sophoclis P. Alexopoulos, MD
Abdullah Alfawaz, MD
Mohammed I. Ali, MD
Evan T. Alicuben, MD
Mark S. Allen, MD
Wilson M. Alobuia, MD
Maria S. Altieri, MD
Kwame S. Amankwah, MD
John Anagnostakos, MD
Carinne Anderson, MD
Christina V. Angeles, MD
Joshua Arnold, MD
Seyed Arshia Arshad, MD
Elliot A. Asare, MD, MS
Juan A. Asensio, MD
Duffield Ashmead, MD
Daniel Atkinson, MD
Tess Aulet, MD
Jose G. Avila-Calles, MD
Nadia A. Awad, MD
Carlos Ivan Ayala, MD
Feredun Azari, MD
Kenneth S. Azarow, MD
Faisal Aziz, MD

I. Raul Badell, MD
Sanjay P. Bagaria, MD
Charles T. Bakhos, MD, MS
Tara M. Balija, MD
Rachel Balloch, DPM
Michaela C. Bambad, MD
Matthew Bartek, MD
Andrea Bauer, MD
Alexander Bautista, MD
Mohammed Bayasi, MD
Georgia Beasley, MD, MHS
Megan Beck, MD
Megan V. Beems, MD
Brian C. Beldowicz, MD
Michael Belkin, MD
G. Richard Benzinger, MD, PHD
Dylan Bezzini, MD
Amit D. Bhrany, MD
Stephanie A. Blankenship, MD
Mark Blum, MD
Bernard Boateng, DO, MS, MBA
Kelly Bolden, MD
Alicia Bonanno, MD
Morgan Bonds, MD
Judy C. Boughey, MD
Francesca Boulos, MD, MSC
Mina L. Boutrous, MD,
Darren Bowe, MD
Mary L. Brandt, MD
Alexandra Briggs, MD
Justine S. Broecker, MD
James D. Brooks, MD
Douglas Brown, MD
Ian Brown, MD, PHD
Aleah L. Brubaker, MD, PHD
L. Michael Brunt, MD
Sara A. Buckman, MD
Michelle Buff, MD
Milos Buhavac, MD
Jocelyn F. Burke, MD
Richard A. Burkhart, MD
Rebecca A. Busch, MD
Vincent Butano, MD
James R. Butler, MD, PHD
Danielle Butto, DPM

Katharine E. Caldwell, MD
Steven Cali, MD
Casey M. Calkins, MD
Erika Borgerding Call, MD
Kathryn Capasso, MD
Evie Carchman, MD
Jonathan Cardella, MD
Kenneth Cardona, MD
Jennifer L. Carpenter, MD
Azadeh A. Carr, MD
Cullen Carter, MD
Amanda Celii, MD
Nick Cetrulo, MD
Anees B. Chagpar, MD, MBA, MPH
A. Alfred Chahine, MD
Elliot Chaikof, MD, PHD
Ayana Chase, MD
Marvin Chau, MD
Rishi Chaudhuri, MD
Herbert Chen, MD
Angela Cheng, MD
Jill R. Cherry-Bukowiec, MD, MS
Tracy J. Cheun, MD
Edward Eun Cho, MD
Sarah Choi, MD, PHD
Karen Chojnacki, MD
Ravi J. Chokshi, MD, MPH
Vincent Chong, MD
Michael A. Choti, MD, MBA
Jessica Cintolo-Gonzalez, MD
Clancy J. Clark, MD
Clarence E. Clark, MD
James M. Clark, MD
Nina Clark, MD
Ross M. Clark, MD, MBA
Michael S. Clemens, MD
Christine Cocanour, MD
Amalia Cochran, MD
Raul Coimbra, MD, PHD
Lauren E. Coleman, MD
Loreski Collado, MD
Alexander L. Colonna, MD
Mark Conant, MD
Hadassah Consuegra, DO
Kendra Conzen, MD
Zara Cooper, MD, MSC
Ian Cooke, MD
Todd Costantini, MD
Michael J. Costanza, MD
Robert A. Cowles, MD
Thomas Cox, DO
Benjamin N. Cragun, MD
Kelsey Cramer, MD
Marie Crandall, MD, MPH
Octav Cristea, MD
Martin Croce, MD
Patricia A. Cronin, MD
Alisa Cross, MD
Brian W. Cross, MD
Darren Cullinan, MD
Aaron J. Cunningham, MD
John A. Curci, MD
Eleanor Curtis, MD
Joseph Cuschieri, MD
Amy E. Cyr, MD

Parinaz J. Dabestani, MD
Ramsey Dallal, MD
Shaun Daly, MD
Elizabeth Dauer, MD
Elizabeth A. David, MD
Jennifer S. Davids, MD
Mark G. Davies, MD, PHD, MBA
Roshan D'Cruz, MD
Tracey A. Dechert, MD
Jeffrey J. Dehmer, MD
Michelle DeLeon, MD
Amanda Deliere, MD
Daniel Delitto, MD, PHD
E. Patchen Dellinger, MD
Jeremiah L. Deneve, DO
Dev M. Desai, MD, PHD
Sarah M. DeSnyder, MD
Christopher Destephano, MD, MPH
Ismael Diallo, MD
Oksana Didyuk, MD
Anthony M. Dinallo, MD
Sharmila Dissanaike, MD
John Donkersloot, MD
Jay Doucet, MD
Kristopher Dozier, MD
Sophie Dream, MD
Monica M. Dua, MD
Therese M. Duane, MD
Christopher G. DuCoin, MD, MPH
Katerina Dukleska, MD
Nicholas Duletzke, MD
Christy M. Dunst, MD
Benzon M. Dy, MD

Brian J. Eastridge, MD
David Ebler, MD
Elango Edhayan, MD
Dawn Elfenbein, MD, MPH
Juliet Emamaullee, MD, PHD
Kate Englert, MD
Michael Englesbe, MD
Cherie P. Erkmen, MD
Thomas Esposito, MD
Micaela Esquivel, MD
Kambiz Etesami, MD
Cecilia G. Ethun, MD
Heather L. Evans, MD

David A. Faber, MD
Mark Fairweather, MD
Ann E. Falor, MD
Ji Fan, MD, MBA
Farhood Farjah, MD, MPH
Jason Farrow, MD
Norma Farrow, MD
Jessica Fazendin, MD
Marcie Feinman, MD
Elizabeth D. Feldman, MD
Katelynn Ferranti, MD
Adam C. Fields, MD, MPH
Sarah B. Fisher, MD
Meghan R. Flanagan, MD, MPH
Tanya R. Flohr, MD
Roderick W. Fontenette, MD
Joseph D. Forrester, MD, MSc
Kevin N. Foster, MD, MBA
John Fraker, MD
Ashleigh M. Francis, MD
Glen A. Franklin, MD
Mollie Freedman-Weiss, MD
Julie A. Freischlag, MD
Jason S. Frischer, MD
Pascal Fuchshuber, MD
Brenna S. Fullerton, MD
Luke Funk, MD, MPH
James Furr, MD

Jennifer Gabbard, MD
Emmanuel M. Gabriel, MD
Michael Gabriel, MD
Steve Gadomski, MD
John Gahagan, MD
Vivian Gahtan, MD
Joseph Galante, MD
Raudel Garcia, MD
Antonios P. Gasparis, MD
Alaina Geary, MD
Rondi Gelbard, MD
Yuri Genyk, MD
Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, MD
Alexander Ghannam, MD
Mira H. Ghneim, MD
Marcoandrea Giorgi, MD
Laura N. Godat, MD
Martha Godfrey, MD
Stephanie R. Goldberg, MD
Mitchell Goldman, MD
Jenaya L. Goldwag, MD
Amanda Gomes, MD
Marcos Gomes, MD
Ricardo J. Gonzalez, MD
Johnathan Goree, MD
Edmund Grady, MD
Christa Grant, MD
Krista Greenan, MD
Jacob A. Greenberg, MD
Erin Greenleaf, MD
Rachel A. Greenup, MD, MPH
Arthur Grimes, MD
Danielle A. Grossman, MD
Monica Grova, MD
Amelia Grover, MD
Shreya Gupta, MD
Vikas S. Gupta, MD
Lori Gurien, MD
Zoe Guzman-Rivera, MD

Carla Haack, MD
Syed Haider, MD
D. Ryan Hall, MD
Britta Han, MD
Dale Han, MD
Calista M. Harbaugh, MD
David A. Harris, MD
Matthew T. Harting, MD
Alan E. Harzman, MD
Rebecca Hasley, MD
Alexander Hawkins, MD
Alex B. Haynes, MD, MPH
Jin He, MD
Elizabeth M. Hechenbleikner, MD
H. Mason Hedberg, MD
Jake Hemingway, MD
Ryan J. Hendrix, MD
Rachel Heneghan, MD
Antonia J. Henry, MD
Thomas Herron, MD
Laura A. Hickman, MD
Amy N. Hildreth, MD
Britani Rhea Hill, MD
Susanna S. Hill, MD
Melissa Hite, MD
Vanessa P. Ho, MD, MPH
Mark Hochberg, MD
Rebecca L. Hoffman, MD
Melissa Hogg, MD
Michael G. House, MD
Ryan A. Howard, MD
James R. Howe, MD
Lily B. Hsieh, MD
Andrew Hu, MD
Kai Huang, MD
Tasha M. Hughes, MD
John G. Hunter, MD

Joseph A. Iocono, MD
Jennifer L. Irani, MD
Sina Iranmanesh, MD
Srinivas J. Ivatury, MD

Terence Jackson, MD
Kenneth Jacobsohn, MD
Mohammad Raheel Jajja, MD
Alston James, MD
N. Arjun Jeganathan, MD
Jacqueline S. Jeruss, MD, PHD
Rohan Jeyarajah, MD
Sigrid L. Johannesen, MD
Laura S. Johnson, MD
Fabian M. Johnston, MD
Caitlin Elizabeth Jones, MD
Edward L. Jones, MD
Abigail Josef, MD
Amit R.T. Joshi, MD
Robert K. Josloff, MD
Gregory J. Jurkovich, MD

Jody M. Kaban, MD
Gregory Kahler Low, MD
Hae Sung Kang, MD
Zaheer S. Kanji, MD
Arielle E. Kanters, MD
Lillian Kao, MD
Muneera Kapadia, MD
Brian Kaplan, MD
Murad Karadsheh, MD
Sunil Karhadkar, MD
Farah Karipineni, MD
Susan Kartiko, MD
Rena Kass, MD
Hitesh Kaul, MD
Sandra Kavalukas, MD
Gregory Kennedy, MD
Ryan Kennedy, MD
Tara S. Kent, MD
Paul Kepper, MD
John J. Kessler, MD
Bavana Ketha, MD
Erika R. Ketteler, MD
Mai Al Khadem, MD
Tahsin M. Khan, MD
Hong Jin Kim, MD
Cindy Kin, MD, MS
Natalie Kirilcuk, MD
Laurie Kirstein, MD
Jill Q. Klausner, MD
Justin D. Klein, MD
Mary E. Klingensmith, MD
Debra Koivunen, MD
Angela A. Kokkosis, MD
Amanda L. Kong, MD, MS
David Kooby, MD
Piroska Kopar, MD
Adam Kopelan, MD
Leonardo Kozian, MD
Jessica B. Kramer, MD
Laura K. Krecko, MD
Laura Kruper, MD, MS
James C. Krupp, MD
Sachin Kukreja, MD
Afif N. Kulaylat, MD
Shaun M. Kunisaki, MD
Saba Kurtom, MD
Gifty Kwakye, MD
Karen L. Kwong, MD

Kevin Labadie, MD
Volodymyr Labinskyy, MD
Husayn A. Ladhani, MD
Patricia Laglenne, MD
Salim Lala, MD
William Lancaster, MD
Sean J. Langenfeld, MD
Jacob C. Langer, MD
Anne C. Larkin, MD
Brian Q. Le, MD
Grace S. Lee-Riddle, MD
Benjamin Lee, MD
Grace C. Lee, MD
Hanmin Lee, MD
Jay S. Lee, MD
Major Kenneth Lee IV, MD
Rachel M. Lee, MD
Steven G. Leeds, MD
Riccardo Lemini, MD
Mateo G. Leon, MD
Robert Letton, MD
Scott R. Levin, MD
Marc A. Levitt, MD
Catherine E. Lewis, MD
Craig W. Lillehei, MD
Irene Isabel P. Lim, MD
Brenda Lin, MD
Shu S. Lin, MD
Mark Lindgren, MD
Jeremy M. Lipman, MD
Danny C. Little, MD
Terrence H. Liu, MD
Denise Lo, MD
Joann Lohr, MD
Kevin C. Long, MD
L. Stephen Long, MD
Monica E. Lopez, MD
Brendan P. Lovasik, MD
Cinthya Y. Lowder, MD
Pamela Lu, MD
Sarah Pradka Lucas, MD
Fred A. Luchette, MD
Andrew Luhrs, MD
Minh B. Luu, MD
Walker Lyons, MD
Heather Ga Hyung Lyu, MD

Irene T. Ma, MD
Ryan Macht, MD
Joseph D. Mack, MD
Robyn A. Macsata, MD
David A. Mahvi, MD
Santo Maimone IV, MD
Shishir K. Maithel, MD
Mark A. Malangoni, MD
A. Justin Malek, MD
Sayeed Malek, MD
Samuel Max Manstein, MD
Slawomir Marecik, MD
Julie A. Margenthaler, MD
Jeffrey Marks, MD
Sean Maroney, MD
M. Blair Marshall, MD
Benjamin M. Martin, MD
Kathryn M. Maselli, MD
Neil Mashruwala, MD
Daniel Mastella, MD
Alexander P. Mayer, MD
Mark V. Mazziotti, MD
Paul K. McGaha II, MD
Lisa K. McIntyre, MD
Travis J. McKenzie, MD
Sarah McLaughlin, MD
Steven Mehl, MD
Nelya Melnitchouk, MD
Sarah Beth Mercer, MD
J. Wayne Meredith, MD
Adam J. Meyers, MD
Michael Meyers, MD
Alyson R. Michener, MD
Preston R. Miller III, MD
Rebecca M. Minter, MD
Subhasis Misra, MD
Allison Mitchell, MD
Cara Mitchell, MD
Jacob Moalem, MD
Ali A. Mokdad, MD
Katherine A. Morgan, MD
Timothy Morley, MD
Andrew D. Morris, MD
Danny Mou, MD
Nicolas Mouawad, MD
Neil Moudgill, MD
Nathan T. Mowery, MD
John T. Mullen, MD
John E. Mullinax, MD
Thomas Murickan, MD
John Murray, MD
Jacqueline Murtha, MD

Syed Omair Nadeem, MD
Bindi Naik-Mathuria, MD
Navya Nair, MD
Harika Nalluri, MD
Nisha Narula, MD
Amanda Nash, MD
Nicholas A. Nash, MD
Riad H. Al Natour, MD
Angela Neville, MD
Mark A. Newell, MD
Erika Newman, MD
Rejoice F. Ngongoni, MD
Norman G. Nicolson, MD
Amar Nijagal, MD
Saira Nisar, MD
Matthew R. Noorbakhsh, MD
Aaron Norris, MD
Nkem Nweze, MD
Anthony D. Nye, MD

Grant E. O'Keefe, MD
Kenneth Ogan, MD
Esther Oh, MD
Samantha N. Olafson, MD
Dmitry Oleynikov, MD
Joseph Oliver, MD
Kristofor A. Olson, MD, PhD
Terrah J. Paul Olson, MD
Nathan Olszewski, MD
Kim M. Olthoff, MD
Daniel J. Ostlie, MD
Julie Ottosen, MD
Randall P. Owen, MD
Luis Ozuna, MD

Alexander Parikh, MD
James O. Park, MD
Inkyong K. Parrack, MD
Jose L. Pascual, MD
Marc A. Passman, MD
Keyur Patel, MD
Purvi P. Patel, MD
Sameer A. Patel, MD
Marco G. Patti, MD
Eric Pauli, MD
Matthew C. Perez, MD
Luise I.M. Pernar, MD
Kent J. Peterson, MD
Thomas A. Pham, MD
Donna Phan, MD
Uma Phatak, MD, MS
Venu Pillarisetty, MD
Matthew J. Piotrowski, MD
Trevor Plescia, MD
Rebecca E. Plevin, MD
Stephanie F. Polites, MD
Elizabeth Pomfret, MD
Sarah E. Posillico, MD
Constantine Poulos, MD
Andrea L. Pozez, MD
Brandon W. Propper, MD
Aurora Pryor, MD
Marisa Pulcrano, MD

Erion Qaja, MD
Celia Quang, MD
Patrick Quinn, MD
Farheen Qurashi, MD

Christine Rader, MD
John Radtka, MD
Josh Radtka, MD
Andrew Radtke, MD
Joseph D. Raffetto, MD
Krishnan Raghavendran, MD
Uzma Rahman, MD
Manish Tushar Raiji, MD
Taufiek Konrad Rajab, MD
Robin Ralph-Edwards, MD
Simran K. Randhawa, MD
Mehul V. Raval, MD
Desiree Raygor, MD
Kevin Records, MD
Rishindra Reddy, MD
Sanjay Reddy, MD
Victoria Rendell, MD
J. Matthew Reinersman, MD
David Reines, MD
William M. Reisman, MD
Robert J. Reitz III, MD
Janelle Rekman, MD
Tanya Rinderknecht, MD
Lindsey Rinker, MD
Cullen F. Roberts, MD
Jamie Robinson, MD
Malcolm Kenneth Robinson, MD
Thomas N. Robinson, MD
Flavio G. Rocha, MD
Andrew P. Rogers, MD
Michael P. Rogers, MD
Yesenia Rojas-Khalil, MD
Alexander Rosemurgy, MD
David R. Rosen, MD
Laura H. Rosenberger, MD
Ronnie A. Rosenthal, MD
Isolina Rossi, MD
Marcia M. Russell, MD
Maria C. Russell, MD

Lily Saadat, MD
Zeyad T. Sahli, MD
Aitua C. Salami, MD
Edgardo Salcedo, MD
Sabrina E. Sanchez, MD
Matthew T. Santore, MD
Juan M. Sarmiento, MD
Jaswin Sawhney, MD
Lynn Schiffern, MD
Christopher M. Schlachta, MD
Lauren Schmidt, MD
David F. Schneider, MD
Rebecca Schroll, MD
Darryl Schuitevoerder, MD
Katharine Schulz-Costello, DO
Andrew M. Schwartz, MD
Aaron M. Scifres, MD
Aaron Scott, MD
Jeffrey S. Scow, MD
Marcus E. Semel, MD
Soman Sen, MD
Anthony Senagore, MD
Anupamaa J. Seshadri, MD
Neal E. Seymour, MD
Virginia O. Shaffer, MD
Mihir M. Shah, MD
Samir K. Shah, MD
Sohail Shah, MD
Miraj G. Shah-Khan, MD
Kiarash Shahlaie, MD
Mohammad F. Shaikh, MD
Murray L. Shames, MD
Omair A. Shariq, MD
Jyotirmay Sharma, MD
Kavita Sharma, MD
Robert D. Shaw, MD
Kimberly A. Shemanski, MD
Olabisi O. Sheppard, MD
Parth Sheth, MD
Eric G. Sheu, MD
Sable Shew, MD
Benjamin Shogan, MD
Michael Siah, MD
Jill Sindt, MD
George Singer, MD
Jasvinder Singh, MD
Niten Singh, MD
Puneet Singh, MD
Smit Singla, MD
Rebecca Sippel, MD
John P. Skendelas, MD
Kevin Slaughter, MD
Mark Slidell, MD
Douglas S. Smink, MD
Gregory Lawson Smith, MD
Philip W. Smith, MD
Charles L. Snyder, MD
Jeffrey Sohn, MD
Ravi F. Sood, MD
Andrew J. Soo Hoo, MD
David Spain, MD
Allison L. Speer, MD
Kristen A. Spoor, MD
Christopher C. Stahl, MD
Trista Stankowski-Drengler, MD
Daniel Steadman, MD
Deb Stein, MD
Mark Stevens, MD
Allan Stolarski, MD
Eric A. Strand, MD
Ashlee E. Stutsrim, MD
Toncred Marya Styblo, MD, MS
Preeti Subhedar, MD
Jason Sulkowski, MD
Kevin M. Sullivan, MD
Susie X. Sun, MD, MD
Pasithorn Suwanabol, MD
Sameer Syed, MD

Daniel L. Tagerman, MD
Simon G. Talbot, MD
Ali Tavakkoli, MD
Cameron Taylor, MD
Peter A. Than, MD
Arun Thenappan, MD
Renee Tholey, MD
Lucas W. Thornblade, MD
Emily Tibbits, MD
Brandon H. Tieu, MD
Rafael Torres-Fajardo, MD
Brett Tracy, MD
Amber Traugott, MD
David Trisler, MD
Kuojen Tsao, MD
Michael Turgeon, MD
Alexandra Turner, MD

Michael Ujiki, MD
Nicholas Ullman, MD

Erik G. Van Eaton, MD
Thomas VanderMeer, MD
Bonnylin Van Winkle, MD
Sanjeev A. Vasudevan, MD
Charles R. Vasquez, MD
Michelle A. Veenstra, MD
Eric S. Veilleux, MD
Francys C. Verdial, MD
Ravi Viradia, MD
Anthony M. Villano, MD
Siva Vithiananthan, MD
Joceline V. Vu, MD

Lisa M. Walke, MD
Anji Wall, MD
Jillian P. Walsh, MD
Tracy S. Wang, MD
Vivian Wang, MD
George Washington, MD
Jill Watras, MD
Jessemae L. Welsh, MD
Matthew Whealon, MD
Michael Lee Williford, MD
Spencer Wilson, MD
Josh Winder, MD
Paul E. Wise, MD
Tyler Wittmann, MD
Francis A. Wolf, MD
Daniel Wong, MD
Serena Wong, MD
Christopher A. Wybourn, MD
Hadley W. Wyre, MD

Elizabeth Yates, MD
Tamanie Yeager, MD
Bree Ann Young, MD
Brian T. Young, MD
Whitney A. Young, MD
Jennifer Yu, MD
Steven J. Yule, MD

Kirellos Zamary, MD
Mark Zapata, MD
Luai Zarour, MD
Martha A. Zeiger, MD
Ahmad ZeinEddin, MD
Brian S. Zuckerbraun, MD
Nicholas J. Zyromski, MD

Surgical Oncology

Dylan Adamson, MD
Cletus A. Arciero, MD
Kirsten M. Baecher, MD
David Bartlett, MD
Todd W. Bauer, MD
Georgia M. Beasley, MD, MHS
Brian K. Bednarski, MD
Neal Bhutiani, MD
Earl Brien, MD
Aleah Brubaker, MD, PHD
Glenda Callender, MD
Deborah Capko, MD
Kenneth Cardona, MD
Cristina M. Checka, MD
Oliver S. Chow, MD
Jonathon B. Cohen, MD, MS
Amanda Cooper, MD
Brian W. Cross, MD
Aamir Dam, MD
Jeremiah L. Deneve, DO
Lynn Dengel, MD
Paxton V. Dickson, MD
Jill Dietz, MD
Vikas Dudeja, MD, MBBS
Bridget Fahy, MD
Josefina C. Farra, MD
Anthony Ferrantella, MD
Adriana Gamboa, MD, MSC
Evan S. Glazer, MD, PHD
Mark Girgis, MD
Babak Givi, MD
Ricardo J. Gonzalez, MD
Rachel Greenup, MD, MPH
Dale Han, MD
John Hardaway, MD, PHD
Salila Hashmi, MD
Caitlin Hester, MD
Ava Hosseini, MD
Andrew Ip, MD
Mohammad Raheel Jajja, MD
Christopher M. Jones, MD
Adam S. Kabaker, MD
Andreas Karachristos, MD
Steven C. Katz, MD
Kristin Kelly, MD
Michael S. Kent, MD
Hassan A. Khalil, MD
Laurie J. Kirstein, MD
Crystal Koerner, MD
David A. Kooby, MD
Kevin Labadie, MD
Lily Lai, MD
Elena P. Lamb, MD, MS
Joanna S. Lee, MD
John I. Lew, MD
Heather L. Lewis, MD
Pamela Li, MD
Perparim Limani, MD, PHD
Vimukta Mahadev, MD
Shishir Maithel, MD
Robert C.G. Martin, II, MD, PHD
Caitlin McIntyre, MD
Jane L. Messina, MD
Makesha Miggins, MD
Megan Miller, MD
Brian Mitzman, MD
John E. Mullinax, MD
Norman Nicolson, MD
Melanie C. Ongchin, MD
James O. Park, MD
Kepal N. Patel, MD
Luis Peña, MD
Matthew Perez, MD, PHD
Venu G. Pillarisetty, MD
Jose Pimiento, MD
Patricio M. Polanco, MD
George Poultsides, MD, MS
Sushanth Reddy, MD
Gloria Rockwell, MD, MSC
Maria C. Russell, MD
Randall Scheri, MD
Carl Schmidt, MD
Jonathan Sham, MD
Xinglei Shen, MD
David Shibata, MD
Craig Slingluff Jr., MD
Vernon K. Sondak, MD
Patrick S. Sullivan, MD
Jeffrey J. Sussman, MD
Roya Tabatabai, MD
Lucas W. Thornblade, MD, MPH
Miriam Tsao, MD
Megan C. Turner, MD
Ching-Wei D. Tzeng, MD
Thomas K. Varghese Jr., MD, MS
Abby White, DO
Joshua Winer, MD
Jason Wiseman, MD, MSPH
Joyce Wong, MD
Maki Yamamoto, MD
Nancy You, MD
Mohammad Yahya Zaidi, MD

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Ravi Agarwal, DDS
Shadi Alzahrani, DDS
Paul Amailuk, DDS
Felix Jose Amarista, DDS
Ron Aronovich, DMD
Jeffery Bennett, DDS
Edmond Bedrossian, DDS
Robert C. Bosack, DDS
Scott Boyd, DDS, PHD
Hans Brockhoff II, DDS, MD
Johnathan Brothers, DDS, MD
Zachary Brown, DDS, MD
Vernon Burke, DDS, MD
Ron Caloss, DDS, MD
Andrew Campbell, DDS
Lionel M. Candelaria, DDS
Joli C. Chou, DMD, MD
Joseph E. Cillo Jr., DDS
Paul Deitrick, DMD, MD
Dean M. DeLuke, DDS
Peter Dennis, DDS
Jasjit Dillon, DDS, MBBS
Stephanie J. Drew, DMD
Brian Farrell, DDS
Elda Fisher, MD
Robert Flint, DDS
Brian P. Ford, DMD, MD
Michael J. Grau Jr., DMD
J. Marshall Green, DDS
Michael D. Han, DDS
Jiean Heifetz-Li, DMD
Alan S. Herford, DDS, MD
Nicole Hernandez, DDS, MD
Kyle Hresko, DDS
Ouzhan Kalantari, DDS
Arshad Kaleem, MD, DMD
Kelly Kennedy, DDS, MS
Roderick Y. Kim, DDS, MD
Brian Kinard, DMD, MD
Frank de Latour, DDS
Nick Levintov, DDS, MD
Stuart Lieblich, DMD
Hana Lim, DMD
Manolis Manolakakis, DMD
Andrei Marechek, DDS, MD
Wallace S. McLaurin, DMD
Justine Moe, DDS, MD
Anthony Morlandt, DDS, MD
Andrew Morrow, DDS
Reza Movahed, DMD
Jesse O. Onekhena, DMD, MD
Neel Patel, DMD
Jon Perenack, DDS, MD
Clement Qaqish, DDS, MD
Faisal Quereshy, DDS, MD
Andrew Read-Fuller, DDS, MD
Cory M. Resnick, DMD, MD
Fabio G. Ritto, DDS
Elizaveta Rogol, DDS
Steven Roser, DMD, MD
Soroush Samimi, DMD
Joseph E. Van Sickels, DDS
Sara A. Stires, DDS
Joshua Stone, DDS, MD
R. John Tannyhill III, DDS, MD
Paul S. Tiwana, DDS, MD, MS
David Todd, DMD
Ramzey Tursun, DDS
Timothy A. Turvey, DDS
Rachel Uppgaard-Perez, DMD
Melvyn Yeoh, DMD, MD
David M. Yates, DMD, MD

Vascular Surgery

Christopher J. Abularrage, MD
Ankur Aggarwal, MD
Cameron Akbari, MD
Olamide Alabi, MD
Matthew J. Alef, MD
Kwame S. Amankwah, MD, MSC
Nathan J. Aranson, MD
Nkiruka Arinze, MD
Nadia A. Awad, MD
Anas Abdel Azim, MD
Faisal Aziz, MD
Ali Azizzadeh, MD
Jennifer Baker, MD
Gabi Barmettler, MD
Neal R. Barshes, MD, MPH
Jonathan Bath, MD
Carlos F. Bechara, MD
William E. Beckerman, MD
Michael Belkin, MD
Jean Bismuth, MD
James H. Black III, MD
John Blebea, MD
Laura Boitano, MD
Jonathan D. Braun, MD
Mark J. Broering, MD
Kellie R. Brown, MD
Katherine Callahan, MD
Keith Calligaro, MD
Jonathan Cardella, MD, FRCS
Camila Castello, MD
Venita Chandra, MD
Kristofer Charlton-Ouw, MD
Tristen T. Chun, MD
Devin Clegg, MD
Mark Conrad, MD
Michael S. Conte, MD
Jason R. Cook, MD, PHD
Matthew A. Corriere, MD, MS
Michael Costanza, MD
Robert F. Cuff, MD
Ronald Dalman, MD
Sarah E. Deery, MD
Elise DeRoo, MD
Ellen Dillavou, MD
Paul D. DiMusto, MD
Brandon D. Downing, MD
Natalie A. Drucker, MD
Anahita Dua, MD
Matthew J. Eagleton, MD
Bryan A. Ehlert, MD
John F. Eidt, MD
Jonathan Eliason, MD
Kendal M. Endicott, MD
Mark Farber, MD
Andres Fajardo, MD
Peter L. Faries, MD
Anthony Feghali, MD
Charles J. Fox, MD
Timothy J. Fuller, MD
Julie Ann Freischlag, MD
Vivian Gahtan, MD
Amir Ghaffarian, MD
Natalia Glebova, MD
Luis Gomez, MD
Kay Goshima, MD
Alexis Graham, MD
Erin Greenleaf, MD
Alok Gupta, MD, MRCP
Ashley Gutwein, MD
Daniel K. Han, MD
Heidi K. Hansen, MD
Kai W Hata, MD
Mounir J. Haurani, MD
Kara Hessel, DO
Caitlin W. Hicks, MD
Courtenay M. Holscher, MD
Whitney L. Hoover, MD
Misty Dawn Humphries, MD
Cindy Huynh, MD
James Iannuzzi, MD, MPH
Sina Iranmanesh, MD
Donald Jacobs, MD
Jeffrey Jim, MD
Douglas Jones, MD
Benjamin D. Jorgensen, MD
Loay S. Kabbani, MD
Vikram S. Kashyap, MD
Amber Kernodle, MD, MPH
Galimat Khaidakova, MD
Ahmed Khouqeer, MD
Tanner I. Kim, MD
Justin King, MD
Nathan Kugler, MD
Andy Lee, MD
Alice Lee, MD
George Lee, MD
Victoria Lee, MD
Srihari Lella, MD
Judith C. Lin, MD
Ruby Lo, MD, MPH
G. Matthew Longo, MD
Tony Lu, MD
Ying Wei Lum, MD, MPH
Lewis "Trey" Lyons, MD
John Maijub, MD
Thomas Maldonado, MD
Rafael D. Malgor, MD
Kimberly T. Malka, MD, PHD
Michelle Martin, MD
Jovan N. Markovic, MD
Jack McCallum, MD
James T. McPhee, MD
Christopher W. McQuinn, MD
Joseph L. Mills Sr., MD
Marc E. Mitchell, MD
Greg Modrall, MD
Mark D. Morasch, MD
Raghu L. Motaganahalli, MD
Ahmed Mohammed, MD
Farah Mohammad, MD
Patrick E. Muck, MD
April E. Nedeau, MD
Rachael Nicholson, MD
Kristine C. Orion, MD
Mary E. Ottinger, MD
Luigi Pascarella, MD
Jigar A. Patel, MD
Mark Perry, MD
Andi Peshkepija, MD
Wande B. Pratt, MD
Brandon Propper, MD
Christopher Ramos, MD
Hunter M. Ray, MD
John Rectenwald, MD
Robert Rhee, MD
Ashley K. Rickey, MD
Adam C. Ring, MD
William P. Robinson III, MD
Fred W. Rushton, MD
Scott Ryan, MD
Evan J. Ryer, MD
Gregory G. Salzler, MD
Naveed U. Saqib, MD
Timur P. Sarac, MD
Marc L. Schermerhorn, MD
Murray L. Shames, MD
Laura A. Scrimgeour, MD
Kyla R. Shelton, MD
Michael Shih, MD
Cynthia K. Shortell, MD
Fahad Shuja, MD
Sammy Siada, MD
Anton Sidawy, MD
Christian Simmons, MD
Niten Singh, MD
Jeffrey Siracuse, MD
Matthew R. Smeds, MD
Rachael Snow, MD
Peter A. Soden, MD
Rebecca Sorber, MD
Michael C. Soult, MD
Alicia M. Stafford, MD
Lars Stangenberg, MD, PHD
Jean A. Starr, MD
David H. Stone, MD
Patrick Stone, MD
David S. Strosberg, MD
Bjoern D. Suckow,MD
Shruthi Thiagarajasubramanian, MD
Jonathan R. Thompson, MD
Bruce Tjaden, MD
Shahab Toursavadkohi, MD
Sam Tyagi, MD
Raghuveer Vallabhaneni, MD
Ravikumar K. Veeraswamy, MD
Yael Vin, MD, MPH
Davis Waller, MD
Grace J. Wang, MD
S. Keisin Wang, MD
M. Libby Weaver, MD
Paul W. White, MD
Carlin A. Williams, MD
Michael Williams, MD
Zachary Williams, MD

Surgical Critical Care

Raeanna C. Adams, MD
Hasan Alam, MD
Paul T. Albini, MD
Amy Alger, MD
Anthony Aramoonie, DO
Dennis W. Ashley, MD
Seth A. Bellister, MD
Andrew C. Bernard, MD
David W. Bliss, MD
Aravind K. Bommiasamy, MD
Nathaniel Bonfanti, MD
Scott C. Brakenridge, MD, MSCS
Rita Brintzenhoff Brown, MD
Carlos V.R. Brown, MD
Clay Cothren Burlew, MD
Anthony Cahill, MD
Andre Campbell, MD, MAMSE
Alexander Cavalea, MD
Michael C. Chang, MD
William C. Chiu, MD
Kent Choi, MD, MS
Amy B. Christie, MD
Dudley B. Christie III, MD
Christine Cocanour, MD
Panna A. Codner, MD
Bryan Cotton, MD, MPH
Marie L. Crandall, MD, MPH
Martin A. Croce, MD
Joseph Cuschieri, MD
Chetan Dhoble, MD
Joseph E. Doherty, MD
Jay J. Doucet, MD
Tony Dunne, MD
Adel Elkbuli, MD, MPH
Paula Ferrada, MD
Dina M. Filiberto, MD
Elizabeth Fox, MD, MS
Douglas R. Fraser, MD
Patrick Georgoff, MD
Matthew Giangola, MD
Raymond H. Green, DO
Heather Grossman Verner, MS
Elizabeth C. Gwinn, MD
Shaikh A. Hai, MD
Melike Harfouche, MD
Elliott R. Haut, MD, PHD
Mohannad T. Hemdi, MD
John B. Holcomb, MD
Jason Hoth, MD, PHD
Darren Hunt, MD
John P. Hunt, MD, MPH
Kenji Inaba, MD
Randeep Jawa, MD
Christian Jones, MD, MS
Kyle J. Kalkwarf, MD
Tovy Kamine, MD
Krista L. Kaups, MD, MSC
Edward Kelly, MD
Dennis Kim, MD
Lisa Marie Knowlton, MD, MPH
Bhani Kondal, MD
Anastasia Kunac, MD
Matthew E. Kutcher, MD
William Shihao Lao, MD, CM
Jong Lee, MD
Meghan Lewis, MD
Eric Ley, MD
Jordan Lilienstein, MD
Matthew Lissauer, MD
Sarah Lombardo, MD, MSC
Andrea Long, MD
Casey Luckhurst, MD
Linda L. Maerz, MD
R. Shayn Martin, MD
Robert Maxwell, MD
Addison K. May, MD
Allison G. McNickle, MD, MS
Pamela Melera, MD
Christopher P. Michetti, MD
Preston R. Miller, MD
Alicia M. Mohr, MD
Annie Moore, MD
Sarah Ann Moore, MD
Benjamin J. Moran, MD
Marc de Moya, MD
Tahir Mustafa, MD
Lena M. Napolitano, MD
Brie Nardy, MD
Rabia Nizamani, MD
Thomas Nowakowski, MD
Amanda J. Palmer, MD
Jasmeet S. Paul, MD
Pauline K. Park, MD
Christopher Pearcy, MD
Juan M. Perrone, MD
Louis R. Pizano, MD
David Plurad, MD
Alicia R. Privette, MD
Alliya Qazi, MD
Jacob A. Quick, MD
Michal Radomski, MD
Christine Ramirez, MD
Asanthi Ratnasekera, DO
Christina Regelsberger-Alvarez, MD
Nicholas Rottler, MD
Rachel Russo, MD
Ali Salim, MD
Steven Sandoval, MD
Rovinder Sandhu, MD
Shevonne S. Satahoo, MD
Robert G. Sawyer, MD
Lee Schmidt, MD
Martin A. Schreiber, MD
Vicki Sein, MD
Mark L. Shapiro, MD
Deborah Stein, MD, MPH
Aaron Strumwasser, MD, MSC
Cynthia L. Talley, MD
Erik J. Teicher, MD
Michael Truitt, MD, CPE
Marc D. Trust, MD
Betty J. Tsuei, MD
Cory Vatsaas, MD
Jeremy L. Ward, MD
Zachary Warriner, MD
Nicole L. Werner, MD, MS
Felicia N. Williams, MD
Robert J. Winchell, MD
Salina M. Wydo, MD

Pediatric Surgery

Obinna O. Adibe, MD
Michael J. Allshouse, DO
Marjorie J. Arca, MD
Meghan Arnold, MD
Mary Austin, MD, MPH
Jeffrey Avansino, MD
Kenneth S. Azarow, MD
Robert Baird, MD
Heron Baumgarten, MD
Brandon Behrens, MD
Elizabeth A. Beierle, MD
Kathryn Bernabe, MD
Andrea Bischoff, MD
Patrick C. Bonasso, MD
Pavan Brahmamdam, MD
Mary Brandt, MD
Mary Brindle, MD, MPH
Casey M. Calkins, MD
Darrell Cass, MD
Michael G. Caty, MD
Eric J. Charles, MD
Arnold G. Coran, MD
Charles S. Cox, Jr., MD
Robert A. Cowles, MD
Aaron Cunningham, MD
Robert Cusick, MD
Melvin S. Dassinger, MD
Joseph Davis, MD
Roshni Dasgupta, MD, MPH
Jeffrey J. Dehmer, MD
Diana Diesen, MD
James C.Y. Dunn, MD, PHD
Mary J. Edwards, MD
Peter F. Ehrlich, MD, MSC
Martin R. Eichelberger, MD
Mauricio A. Escobar Jr., MD
Diana L. Farmer, MD
Steven Fishman, MD
Helene Flageole, MD, MSC
Laura M. Fluke, MD
Tamara Fitzgerald, MD, PHD
Colleen M. Fitzpatrick, MD
Jason S. Frischer, MD
Brenna Fullerton, MD
Samir K. Gadepalli, MD, MSC
Jeffrey Gander, MD
Kenneth W. Gow, MD
Kathleen Graziano, MD
Thomas E. Hamilton, MD
Matthew T. Harting, MD, MS
Andrea Hayes-Jordan, MD
Shinjiro Hirose, MD
Ronald B. Hirschl, MD
Andrew Hong, MD
Helen Hsieh, MD, PHD
Romeo C. Ignacio, Jr., MD
Corey W. Iqbal, MD
Mubeen Jafri, MD
Tom Jaksic, MD, PHD
Patrick J. Javid, MD
Robert Kelly, MD
Justin Klein, MD
Michael D. Klein, MD
J. Leslie Knod, MD
Shannon M. Koehler, MD
Shaun M. Kunisaki, MD, MSC
Dave R. Lal, MD, MPH
Jacob C. Langer, MD
Max R. Langham, Jr., MD
Alison Laws, MD
Hanmin Lee, MD
Steven L. Lee, MD
Marc A. Levitt, MD
Paul R. Lewis II, MD
Craig Lillehei, MD
Danny Little, MD
Michael Livingston, MD, MSC
Andrea Lo, MD
Jeffrey R. Lukish, MD
Dennis P. Lund, MD
Grace Mak, MD
P. Cameron Mantor, MD
Rebecka L. Meyers, MD
Biren Modi, MD, MPH
Dhriti Mukhopadhyay, MD
Erika A. Newman, MD
Nam Nguyen, MD
Daniel J. Ostlie, MD
Kartik A. Pandya, MD
Hannah Piper, MD
Rajeev Prasad, MD
Howard I. Pryor II, MD
Pramod Puligandla, MD, MSC
Faisal G. Qureshi, MD
Christopher R. Reed, MD
Frederick J. Rescorla, MD
Marleta Reynolds, MD
Kristy Rialon, MD
Robert L. Ricca, MD
Henry E. Rice, MD
Samuel Rice-Townsend, MD
Kimberly Riehle, MD
David A. Rodeberg, MD
Bradley M. Rodgers, MD
Alejandro R. Ruiz-Elizalde, MD
Shawn D. Safford, MD
Daniel Saltzman, MD, PHD
Mary Catherine Santos, MD, MS
Thomas T. Sato, MD
Marshall Z. Schwartz, MD
Mariya Skube, MD, MPH
Caitlin Smith, MD
Charles L. Snyder, MD
Eric Sparks, MD
Hayden Stagg, MD
Jessica Staszak, MD
Charles J.H. Stolar, MD
Steven Stylianos, MD
Roman M. Sydorak, MD
Karl Sylvester, MD
Daniel Teitelbaum, MD
Francois Trappey, MD
KuoJen Tsao, MD
John H.T. Waldhausen, MD
Ryan T. Warner, DO
Brent Weil, MD, MPH
Tiffany Wright, MD
Yangyang Yu, MD
Kenneth Zettel, MD
Moritz M. Ziegler, MD
 

TWIS Authors

Kareem Abdelfattah, MD
Carinne W. Anderson, MD
Kwame Amankwah, MD, MSc
Megumi Asai, MD
Stan Augustin, MD
Komola Azimova, MD

Bradley Bandera, MD
Elizabeth Blears, MD
Matthew Blecha, MD
Amy Braddock, MD
Mary Brandt, MD
Cynthia Bui, MD
Pamela Burgess, MD
Kristin Busch, MD

Casey Calkins, MD
Samuel J. Campbell, MD
Jon Cardinal, MD
Jennifer Carpenter, MD
Armando Castro, MD
Marlin Causey, MD
Luis Cerda, MD
Lawrence Cetrulo, MD
Jad Chamieh, MD
Joshua Chan, MD
Jennifer Choi, MD
Karen Chojnacki, MD
Konstantinos Chouliaras, MD
Jordan Cloyd, MD
Mary Condron, MD
Zara Cooper, MD, MSc

Richard B. Damewood, MD
Karole Davis, MD
Francesca Delach, MD
Evan Deutsch, MD
Teena Dhir, MD
David Dockray, MD
April Duckworth, MD

Elango Edhayan, MD
Nourelhoda Elzakaky, MD
Lillian Erdahl, MD

Alisan Fathalizadeh, MD
George Filosa, MD
Abbey L. Fingeret, MD
Katherine Foley, MD
Luanne Force, MD
Jared Forrester, MD
George Fuhrman, MD

Joseph Galante, MD
John Gigioli, MD
Austin Goetz, MD
Christopher J. Goodenough, MD, MPHTM
Bradley Gordan, DO
Marlon A. Guerrero, MD

David Han, MD
Alan Harzman, MD
Hani Hasan, MD
James C. Hebert, MD
Danielle Henry, MD
Mark Hochberg, MD
Caitlin Hodge, MD
Rebecca Hoffman, MD, MSCE
Cary Hsu, MD
Jenny Chyun-Yin Huang, MD

Jonathan Imran, MD
Gösta Iwasiuk, MD

John Jacob, MD
Amanda Jensen, MD, MS
Carolyn Jones, MD
Amit R.T. Joshi, MD
Biren Juthani, MD

Umashankkar Kannan, MD
Muneera Kapadia, MD
Brian Kaplan, MD
Theodor Kaufman, MD
Uzer Khan, MD
Alicia Kieninger, MD
Amarita Klar, MD
Mary E. Klingensmith, MD
Suman Koganti, MD
Jason Kopp, PhD
James R. Korndorffer Jr., MD
Ravi Kothuru, MD
Afif Kulaylat, MD, MSc

Charles La Punzina, MD
Matthew P. Lancara, MD
Eric Lazar, MD
Ira Leeds, MD
Linda Li, MD
Jeremy Lipman, MD

Mark A. Malangoni, MD
Sean Maratto, MD
Alina Mateo, MD
James McCormick, MD
Lisa McIntyre, MD
Nichole Meissner, MD
Joshua Melamed, MD
Melissa Miles, MD
Jaclyn Milici, MD
Megan Morrow, MD
Mary Mrdutt, MD
Kelsey Musgrove, MD

Toshio Nagamoto, MD
Russell J. Nauta, MD
Paul Nelson, MD
Kevin Nguyen, MD
James Nottingham, MD

Tanya Olszewski, MD
Jorge Ortiz, MD
Mohamed Osman, MD
Christopher Ovanez, MD
Christopher Owens, MD, MSc

Chin Park, MD
Marc A. Passman, MD
John Phu, MD
Trevor Plescia, MD
George Poultsides, MD

Taufiek Konrad Rajab, MD
Rajesh Ramanathan, MD
Ricardo Ramirez, MD
Shari Reid, MD
H. David Reines, MD
Ronald Rhodes, MD
E. Matthew Ritter, MD
Shawn Robinson MS, MD
Nelson A. Royall, MD
Nathaniel Rubalcava, MD
James Rucinski, MD

Taimur Saleem, MD
Andres Samayoa-Mendez, MD
Neal Seymour, MD
Asha Shah, MD
Nick Sich, MD
Eric J. Silberfein, MD
Ryan Smith, MD
Jeffrey Stern, MD

Paula M. Termuhlen, MD
Brandon Tieu, MD
Denise Torres, MD
Rafael Torres-Fajardo, MD
KuoJen Tsao, MD

Amruta Unawane, MD

Erik Van Eaton, MD
Laura V. Veras, MD

Derek B. Wall, MD
Justin Watson, MD
Eric Weiss, MD
James Whiting, MD
Austin D. Williams, MD

Rolla Zarifa, MD


How to Cite Your Contributions

Modules: 

Thornblade LW, O’Keefe GE. Hepatic Injury - Packing and Repair/Resection. The SCORE Portal. http://www.surgicalcore.org. Published December 2018. Accessed January 3, 2019.

Images: 

Nguyen H, Smith RJ. Image contributor, “Splenectomy." The SCORE Portal. http://www.surgicalcore.org. Published January 2019. Accessed… 

TWIS questions: 

Alpendre C. Item writer for the TWIS MIS Principles quiz. The SCORE Portal. http://www.surgicalcore.org. Published June 2, 2019. Accessed…